Infertility results from female factors in about one-third of the time and male factors in about one-third of the time. The cause is either unknown or a combination of male and female factors in the remaining cases.
For pregnancy to occur, every step of the human reproduction process has to happen correctly. The steps in this process are :
- One of the two ovaries releases a mature egg
- The egg is picked up by the fallopian tube
- Sperm swim up the cervix, through the uterus and into the fallopian tube to reach the egg for fertilization
- The fertilized egg travels down the fallopian tube to the uterus
- The fertilized egg implants and grows in the uterus
In women, a number of factors can disrupt this process at any step. One or more of the factors causes female infertility which are described below :
- Ovulation disorders – conditions causing hormonal imbalance like thyroid dysfunction, increased prolactin levels, PCOD can affect the release of the egg from the ovary
- Uterine abnormalities – congenital abnormalities in the size or shape of the uterus, uterine fibroids can cause infertility
- Tubal abnormality – tubal blockage
- Endometriosis can affect function of ovaries, uterus and fallopian tubes
- Premature ovarian failure – when ovaries stop producing an egg before age of 40 years
- Previous history of surgery leading to pelvic adhesions
- Cancer treatments including chemotherapy and radiotherapy can affect fertility
Risk factors – Certain factors like age, abnormal weight, smoking and alcohol consumption can increase the risk for infertility.
We advocate that both partners get tested for infertility and treat any obstacle that prevents you from realising your dream to become parents. And if female factor infertility is a cause,we will find you the best treatment option.