Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection or ICSI is a procedure in which a single sperm cell is directly injected into the cytoplasm of an egg. ICSI injection treatment is gaining popularity since it was founded in 1992. ICSI Treatment in Mumbai is quite well known for its effective procedure.
What is Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)?
For around half of the couples struggling to get pregnant, the problem lies with male fertility. ICSI is currently the best male infertility treatment. ICSI is very similar to IVF. The difference mainly lies with the process of fertilization. In IVF, eggs and sperm are put together in a dish and fertilize ‘naturally’. However, this requires a large amount of sperm to be present.
In ICSI, the process involves injection of a single sperm that is picked up with a fine glass needle and then put into the fluid contents of the egg cell called cytoplasm. Very few sperm as compared to IVF is required and the ability of the sperm to penetrate the egg no longer holds importance. The embryo after fertilization is put into the woman’s womb.
Who is recommended to have ICSI?
ICSI fertility treatment is favored when medical practitioners suspect that there is a reason why achieving fertilization due to other procedures might be difficult. Fertility treatment success rate for IVF is high when the problem is with male fertility. Male infertility factors generally include low sperm count, poor motility, poor sperm quality or when the sperm lacks the ability to penetrate the egg. Absence of sperm in the semen due to some kind of blockage can also be treated with the ICSI.
Apart from infertility in men, here other infertility problems for which ICSI is a suitable treatment:
- Immunological infertility factors
- Less number of retrieved eggs
- Fertilization failure during previous IVF cycle
- Repeated miscarriages during previous cycle
- Age over 35 years
- Endometriosis, PCOS or any other problem
- Unfavorable embryo development in previous cycles